Leaves needle- or scale-like: This character refers to leaves which are long and narrow, more or less needle-like, or very short and appressed to the branches, like the scales of the skin of reptiles:


Needle-like leaves are at least 10 times as long as wide and rarely wider than 3 mm...:

...in some cases they are cylindrical or diamond-shaped in section...:

...in other cases they are strongly flattened:

More or less 'needle-like' leaves are present also in several species of Angiosperms, e.g. in the genera Erica and Empetrum:

Scale-like leaves are usually strongly appressed to the branches and do rarely exceed a few mm in length...:

...with the exception of those of the genus Araucaria, which can exceed 1 cm in length: