Lecanora anopta Nyl.

Flora, 56: 292, 1873.
Synonyms: Lecidea anopta (Nyl.) Lettau
Distribution: N - Ven, TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2007b). C - Sar (Zedda & Sipman 2001).
Description: Thallus crustose, mostly endosubstratic, rarely superficial, thin, white to yellowish white. Apothecia distinctly lecanorine only when young, rounded, broadly adnate, 0.4-0.7 mm across, with a pale to dark reddish brown, finally also grey-black, epruinose to strongly pruinose, flat to strongly convex disc, and a soon excluded, thin, smooth thalline margin; proper margin inconspicuous, cream-coloured, excluded in older apothecia. Proper exciple 40-75 μm wide laterally, strongly gelatinised, with a variable amount of crystals visible under polarized light and dissolving in K; epithecium brownish, with yellowish brown granules, sometimes with a greenish, N+ red-violet pigment; hymenium 40-55 μm high, strongly inspersed with yellowish brown granules and with brown to green-black pigment streaks in upper part; paraphyses branched and sometimes anastomosing, 0.5-1.5 μm thick, the apical cells to 2.0 μm wide; hypothecium colourless, 50-130 μm high. Asci 8-spored, similar to Micarea-type. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, ellipsoid, 7-12.5 x (3-)4-5(-6) μm. Pycnidia black, semi-immersed, globose or pyriform, with a brown to dark greenish, N+ reddish walls. Conidia bacilliform, often slightly curved, 5-9 x 1-2 μm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thallus K-, C-, KC-, P-. Chemistry: isousnic acid (major)
Note: on decorticated trunks, more rarely on the bark of conifers in upland areas; probably more widespread in the Alps. The sample from Sardinia deviates in having paler apothecia and a yellowish epihymenium.
Growth form: Crustose
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: very rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Curtis Randall Björk – CC BY-SA 4.0
British Columbia, Thompson Plateau, near Kamloops Date: October, 2006 On Picea trunk, humid cold-air drainage in open, dry conifer forest


P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (13324)
2002/12/12