KEYS TO THE LICHENS OF ITALY - 28) SOLENOPSORA
The European species of this genus were treated by Guttová & al. (2014, see also Fačkovcová & al. 2019), who recognised 9 infrageneric taxa, all of which do occur in Italy (see Nimis 2016, Guttová & al. 2019, Guttová & Nimis 2021). The phylogenetic analysis revealed two major lineages, but the generic circumscription and phylogenetic position are still problematic and await additional study. The genus, currently listed under the Catillariaceae, mainly occurs in temperate and subtropical regions, and the centre of diversity is in the Mediterranean, Macaronesian, and Madrean biogeographical regions (Fačkovcová & al. 2020).
Fačkovcová Z., Lőkös L., Farkas E., Guttová A. 2019. New Records of Species of the Lichen Genus Solenopsora A. Massal. in the Balkan Peninsula and Adjacent Islands. Herzogia,32,1: 101-110.
Fačkovcová Z. Slovák M., Vďačný P., Melichárková A. Zozomová-Lihová J., Guttová A. 2020. Spatio-temporal formation of the genetic diversity in the Mediterranean dwelling lichen during the Neogene and Quaternary epochs. Molec Phylog. Evol., 44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2019.106704
Guttová A., Nimis P.L, 2021. The genus Solenopsora (Lichenized Ascomycetes, Leprocaulaceae) in Italy. Flora Medit., 31 (Spec. Issue): 55-65.
Guttová A., Sosomová-Lihová J, Timdal E., Kučera J., Slovák M., Piknová K., Paoli L. 2014. First insights into genetic diversity and relationships of European taxa of Solenopsora (Catillariaceae, Ascomycota) with implications for their delimitation. Bot. J. Linn. Soc., 176: 203-223.
Guttová A, Fačkovcová Z., Martellos S., Paoli L., Munzi S. Pittao E. Ongaro S. 2019. Ecological specialization of lichen congeners with a strong link to Mediterranean-type climate: a case study of the genus Solenopsora in the Apennine Peninsula. Lichenologist, 51, 1: 75-88.
Nimis P.L. 2016. The Lichens of Italy. A Second Annotated Catalogue. EUT, Trieste, 739 pp.
Last modified: June, 2nd, 2021