The epiphytic lichens of the Park of Paneveggio-Pale di San Martino (E Italian Alps)

Pier Luigi Nimis, Juri Nascimbene, Stefano Martellos
Since several years, the Natural Park of Paneveggio-Pale di San Martino, in the Italian eastern Alps, is promoting research on lichens, which has brought to an inventory of species and to several contributions to the knowledge of their ecology. The Paneveggio Park has an important mission in the conservation of lichens: it hosts almost 650 species, which make up c. 50% of the lichens known from Trentino-Alto Adige, the Italian region with the highest number of known species. The Park has commissioned to the Department of Life Sciences of the University of Trieste the creation of an interactive guide to all epiphytic lichens hitherto known from the area (currently 242 species), which is freely available on-line on the website of the Park and on that of Project Dryades, the Italian branch of the European project KeyToNature (,
This is a non-annotated, printable version of the on-line key.

The identification of macrolichens can be attempted without the use of the microscope, and is therefore easier. In contrast, that of crustose lichens often requires the observation of microscopical characters. For more details and information, we refer to the on-line version of the key.

Photographs and drawings are largely taken from the archive of ITALIC. The authors are grateful to Andres Saag and Tiina Randlane (University of Tartu, Estonia) and to Harry Taylor (Natural History Museum, London, UK) for further photos and drawings. Thanks are also due to Carlo Morelli for corrections to the original text.


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