Exaculum pusillum (Lam.) Caruel




GENTIANACEAE Juss.
Gentianales Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl
Asteranae Takht.
Magnoliidae Novák ex Takht.

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© CC-BY-SA
by © Maria Carmela Caria (Dipartimento di Scienze della Natura e del Territorio, Università degli Studi di Sassari), © Hippolyte Coste





Fonte / Source:
Portale della Flora d'Italia / Portal to the Flora of Italy
http://dryades.units.it/floritaly



This annual species with a mainly western, broadly Mediterranean distribution, is present in Umbria, Lazio, Sardinia and Sicily (the presence in Tuscany is doubtful). The life-cycle can be spent part in water, part on moist to dry soil. It grows in rather moist habitats, sometimes along paths, on muddy soils, from sea level to approximately 600 m. This characteristic species of Mediterranean temporary ponds, in Sardinia is common, especially in the central belt of the ponds; vegetative growth occurs during flooding, flowering in the early phase of desiccation. The genus name is the diminutive of 'exacum', a plant mentioned by Pliny which probably corresponds to the genus Centaurium; the species name, that in Latin means ‘small’, refers to the small size of the plant. Flowering period: May to August.



Italian name(s): Cicendia minore (Italia)





© Hippolyte Coste - Flore descriptive et illustrée de la France, de la Corse et des contrées limitrophes, 1901-1906 - Public domain – copyright expired.



© Simonetta Bagella - Dipartimento di Scienze della Natura e del Territorio, Università degli Studi di Sassari
by Simonetta Bagella
Sardegna, Italia,



© Maria Carmela Caria - Dipartimento di Scienze della Natura e del Territorio, Università degli Studi di Sassari
by Maria Carmela Caria
Sardegna, Italia,